Last year, a close friend pointed out a series of references to Kolob and the Sagittarius Star Cloud in a book. These references were intriguing since Kolob is a star that is said to be “near unto” the throne of God (Abraham 3:1-10).1 In a chapter entitled “Kolob, the Governor”, J. Reuben Clark, Jr. wrote the following:
They also now affirm our galaxy is a gigantic disc, a whirling wheel, lenticular in shape, one hundred thousand light-years in diameter from rim to rim (Hoyle, pp. 54, 106, says sixty thousand light-years), ten thousand light-years thick at the hub or center (another estimate is twenty thousand light-years [Stanush, p. 97] ), believed to lie to the southward of us in America in the direction of the Great Star Cloud of Sagittarius. We are, say they, some twenty-five thousand to thirty thousand light-years from the hub or center of the galactic disc, out towards the rim. (Bart J. Bok, “‘The Southern Sky,” Scientific American (July 1952), p. 47; cited as Bok II.) We lie, they affirm, in or near the central plane of this great whirling disc of one hundred billion stars (Bok I, p. 32); and they also affirm that the galaxy thins out toward the rims; that very few stars are found out beyond ten thousand light-years from our own sun; that one-half of the Milky Way is “comparatively thin and dull, the other dense and vivid”; and that “there are ten times as many stars per unit area of sky in the Sagittarius cloud as in the richest part of the winter Milky Way.” (Ibid.)
At our position in this gigantic whirling wheel (about thirty thousand light-years from the center), the earth is credited with four rotary motions: (1) around its polar axis at a rate, in the United States, of seven hundred miles per hour; (2) around the sun at about seventy thousand miles per hour with some slight gravitation disturbances; (3) with the sun around the hub or center of the galaxy at one hundred fifty miles per second, or one million miles per hour at the outer rim; (4) the whole galaxy is moving through space as a unit (Colton, p. 403) at a rate there seems to be no way of computing. . . .
More About the Hub, the Center of Our Galaxy – About Kolob
Apparently by almost, if not quite common consent (Bok II, p. 50), the hub or center of our galaxy is assumed to lie “in the direction of the Great Star Cloud of Sagittarius” in the area (southward from us) of the constellations of Sagittarius and Scorpio. (Bok I, p. 32, italics supplied.) Between us and this Great Cloud in which lies the hub, is a distance of from twenty-five thousand light-years to thirty thousand light-years. (Bok II, p. 47.) Astrophysicists now affirm that in this distance between us and the Sagittarius Cloud in which is the center or hub, “we can detect a network of dense dust clouds floating through space within 5,000 light-years of us or less; and beyond that, up to 25,000 light-years away, we can see the thickly huddled stars and star-clusters of the hub itself.” (Ibid., p. 57.) Some say now that this large Sagittarius Cloud “is estimated to be 80,000 light-years from us.” (Ibid., p. 48.) One observation is interesting in connection with this expression “thickly huddled stars” of the hub. Colton, speaking of the projected “Sky Survey,” holds out some hope for more knowledge by saying: “But the Sky Survey may reveal rifts in this curtain through which parts of the ‘hub’ can be photographed and studied.” (Colton, p. 418.) Hopeful also is Bok’s statement in re a spiral arm in which he speaks of a “knot of stars.” (Bok II, p. 47.)
This hub or central area of the Milky Way (Sagittarius and Scorpio constellations) is extremely brilliant. As already stated, present photographs show that “there are 10 times as many stars per unit area of sky in the Sagittarius cloud as in the richest part of the winter Milky Way.” In short, one half of the Milky Way is comparatively thin and dull, the other dense and vivid. (Bok I, p. 32.) Evidence is said to show that some of the stars in the Sagittarius are a are “very far away.” (Ibid.)
It is declared that the area of the constellations Sagittarius, Aquila, and Cygnus, “seen best in summer, is so brilliant that parts of it may readily be mistaken for cumulus clouds when observed near the horizon.” (Ibid.)
The following statements are interesting: Because of several considerations, — dust clouds, latitude, and time of possible observation — “one of the most brilliant sections in the Milky Way cannot be seen at all from observatories in the U. S.,” whereas from the Boyden Station of the Harvard College Observatory in South Africa, observers “get the best view of the center of our galaxy, for as the Milky Way turns in our heavens, the center passes directly overhead at the latitude of the Boyden Station.” (Bok II, p. 47.)
While the language of the astronomers is uniformly to the point that the hub or center of our galaxy is in the direction of the Sagittarius and Scorpio section of the Milky Way, their discussions leave little chance for the layman to question their convictions that the hub or center is in that area. . . .
But this fact seems reasonably clear that this hub or center of a galaxy exists and performs, in broad principle, the functions of Kolob and that Kolob’s existence and function were known about four thousand years before our day.2
The references above to Kolob and the Sagittarius Star Cloud immediately caught my attention. And not just because I am a Sagittarius or because Carrie is a Scorpio. Rather it has to do with the idea that both constellations are located in the southern hemisphere. According to Giorgio de Santillana:
. . . In whichever dialect the phenomenon is spelled out, the fallen ruler of the Golden Age is held to dwell nearest to the celestial South Pole, particularly in Canopus which marks the steering oar of Argo, Canopus at the “confluence of the rivers.” This is true whether Varuna fastened the sky to the seat of the Rita (and his own seat), whether Enki-Ea-Enmesharra, dwelling in Eridu, held all the norms and measures (Rita, Sumerian me: Akkadian: parsu)—Thorkild Jacobsen called him very appropriately the “Lord modus operandi” –or whether Kronos-Saturn kept giving “all the measures of the whole creation” to Zeus while he himself slept in Ogygia-the-primeval.3
Although I’ve already written about Canopus, its possible connection to Facsimile 2 in the Book of Abraham, and as the center of gravity, I should add that the southern sky where all these celestial phenomena appear – at least to the ancients – seem to be associated with joyfulness and happiness.4 And to me, that seems to be an apt description of Kolob.
- In fact, Brigham Young once commented that the earth was near the throne of Father in heaven prior to the fall.↩
- Clark, J. Reuben, Jr. Behold the Lamb of God. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1962. 42, 44; italics in original.↩
- de Santillana, Giorgio and Hertha von Dechend. Hamlet’s Mill: An Essay Investigating the Origins of Human Knowledge and its Transmission Through Myth. Jaffrey, New Hampshire: Godine, 1977. 265.↩
- Ibid. 269.↩